Trends in Emphysema by Race/Ethnicity, Sex and Age

Trends in Emphysema by Race/Ethnicity, Sex and Age

        Non-Hispanic      
  Total (2)    White   Black   Other   Hispanic
  Number Rate   Number Rate   Number Rate   Number Rate   Number Rate
1999 2,798,963 1.4   2,539,202 1.7   117,378 0.5   52,932 0.7   89,451 0.4
2000 3,124,699 1.6   2,792,954 1.9   208,025 0.9   32,847 0.4   90,873 0.4
2001 2,983,598 1.5   2,632,331 1.8   164,628 0.7   55,941 0.6   130,698 0.6
2002 3,131,410 1.5   2,809,643 1.9   197,404 0.8   45,193 0.5   79,170 0.4
2003 3,114,666 1.5   2,798,537 1.8   193,157 0.8   43,126 0.5   79,846 0.3
2004 3,575,684 1.7   3,086,086 2.0   238,734 1.0   95,553 1.0   155,311 0.6
2005 3,791,006 1.7   3,412,355 2.2   192,838 0.8   54,026 0.5   131,787 0.5
2006 4,068,667 1.9   3,619,091 2.3   190,398 0.7   147,078 1.3   112,100 0.4
2007 3,736,000 1.7   3,131,359 2.0   217,083 0.8   125,740 1.0   261,818 0.9
2008 3,789,224 1.7   3,286,507 2.1   214,072 0.8   97,161 0.8   191,484 0.6
2009 4,895,246 2.2   4,232,303 2.7   357,281 1.3   106,044 0.8   199,618 0.6
2010 4,313,991 2.0   3,644,268 2.3   290,143 1.1   148,228 1.2   231,352 0.7
2011 4,680,381 2.0   3,780,946 2.4   489,434 1.8   178,285 1.3   231,716 0.7
2012 4,108,479 1.7   3,508,081 2.2   341,593 1.2   80,765 0.6   178,040 0.5
2013 3,831,063 1.6   3,221,780 2.0   342,232 1.2   94,507 0.6   172,544 0.5
2014 3,399,869 1.4   2,764,697 1.7   295,010 1.0   102,904 0.7   237,258 0.6
2015 3,515,092 1.5   2,991,855 1.9   291,947 1.0   95,685 0.6   135,605 0.4
2016 3,417,624 1.4   2,783,153 1.7   246,033 0.8   146,106 0.8   242,332 0.6
2017 4,313,991 2.0   3,644,268 2.3   290,143 1.1   148,228 1.2   231,352 0.7
2018 3,779,970 1.5   3,028,141 1.9   318,024 1.0   124,408 0.7   309,397 0.8
                             
  Male   Female   18-44   45-64   65+
  Number Rate   Number Rate   Number Rate   Number Rate   Number Rate
1999 1,637,536 1.7   1,161,367 1.1   224,033   0.2 *   936,939 1.6   1,637,991 5.0
2000 1,690,500 1.8   1,434,199 1.4   256,030   0.2 *   1,141,600 1.9   1,727,069 5.3
2001 1,678,868 1.7   1,304,730 1.2   200,259   0.2 *   1,099,638 1.8   1,683,701 5.1
2002 1,821,630 1.8   1,309,780 1.2   287,302   0.3 *   1,271,992 2.0   1,572,116 4.8
2003 1,701,065 1.7   1,413,601 1.3   154,649   0.1 *   1,261,139 1.9   1,698,878 5.0
2004 1,871,241 1.8   1,704,443 1.5   309,071   0.3 *   1,393,431 2.0   1,873,182 5.4
2005 2,060,742 2.0   1,730,264 1.5   340,694 0.3   1,429,606 2.0   2,020,706 5.8
2006 2,481,386 2.3   1,587,281 1.4   290,075 0.3   1,764,620 2.4   2,013,972 5.7
2007 2,017,689 1.9   1,718,311 1.5   226,384 0.2   1,765,325 2.3   1,744,291 4.8
2008 1,769,048 1.6   2,020,176 1.7   222,120 0.2   1,572,766 2.0   1,994,338 5.4
2009 2,578,428 2.4   2,316,818 2.0   369,226 0.3   2,064,627 2.6   2,461,393 6.5
2010 2,247,665 2.0   2,066,326 1.7   360,739 0.3   1,703,187 2.1   2,250,065 5.8
2011 2,128,540 1.9   2,551,841 2.1   365,033 0.3   2,146,121 2.7   2,169,227 5.5
2012 2,293,022 2.0   1,815,457 1.5   292,037 0.3   1,852,778 2.3   1,963,664 4.7
2013 2,093,860 1.8   1,737,203 1.4   220,492 0.2   1,668,645 2.0   1,941,926 4.5
2014 1,622,655 1.4   1,777,214 1.4   98,071 0.1   1,510,560 1.8   1,791,238 4.0
2015 1,891,569 1.6   1,623,523 1.3   194,139 0.2   1,373,621 1.7   1,947,332 4.2
2016 1,871,267 1.6   1,652,779 1.3   178,910 0.2   1,527,235 1.8   1,817,901 3.8
2017 1,703,221 1.4   1,714,403 1.3   130,219 0.1   1,441,855 1.7   1,845,550 3.7
2018 1,970,037 1.6   1,809,933 1.4   249,791 0.2   1,348,951 1.6   2,181,228 4.2

Sources:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey, 1999-2018. Analysis by the American Lung Assocation Research and Program Services Division using SPSS software.

  • (1) Emphysema prevalence was defined as answering yes to"Have you EVER been told by a doctor or other health professional that you had emphysema?"
  • (2) Due to rounding, numbers across may not sum up to totals.
  • * Estimate for which the numerator has a relative standard error of more than 30% and should be considered unreliable.

Page last updated: November 23, 2020

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