Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS)
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening lung injury that allows fluid to leak into the lungs. Breathing becomes difficult and oxygen cannot get into the body.
Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency
Alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) deficiency is a rare genetic disorder that is passed on in families and can affect the lungs, liver and/or skin. When this condition affects the lungs, it causes COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).
Asbestosis is a chronic lung condition that is caused by prolonged exposure to high concentrations of asbestos fibers in the air.
Aspergillosis is a fungal infection caused by Aspergillus, a type of mold that is found all over the world. When inhaled this causes illness in people with preexisting lung disease, an allergy to aspergillus or weakened immune systems.
Asthma makes breathing difficult for millions of Americans. There's no cure, but it can be managed and treated so you can live a normal, healthy life.
Bronchiectasis is a chronic condition where the walls of the bronchi are thickened from inflammation and infection in the bronchi. People with bronchiectasis have periodic flare-ups of breathing difficulties, called exacerbations.
Bronchiolitis develops when small airways in the lungs become injured or inflamed. The easy passage of air is blocked, which may cause shortness of breath and cough.
Bronchiolitis Obliterans (Popcorn Lung)
Bronchiolitis obliterans is a rare chronic lung disease that worsens over time. It also goes by the nickname “popcorn lung.” The condition damages the tiniest airways in your lungs (bronchioles), causing coughing and shortness of breath.
Commonly known as bronchitis, acute bronchitis is a form of lower respiratory infection that affects the air tubes (bronchi) of the lungs. It usually comes on suddenly and lasts for a week to 10 days.
BPD is a form of chronic lung disease that affects newborns. Most infants who develop BPD have been born prematurely and need oxygen therapy. Most infants recover from BPD, but some may have long-term breathing difficulties.
Bronchitis is when the airways in your lungs, your bronchi, become inflamed. This irritation can cause severe coughing spells that bring up mucus, wheezing, chest pain and shortness of breath. There are two main types, acute and chronic.
Chronic cough is a persistent cough that lasts for at least eight weeks, and often much longer.
Coal Worker’s Pneumoconiosis (Black Lung Disease)
Coal workers' pneumoconiosis (CWP), commonly known as "black lung disease," occurs when coal dust is inhaled. Over time, continued exposure to the coal dust causes scarring in the lungs, impairing your ability to breathe.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema, is a chronic lung disease that makes it hard to breathe. Here you'll find information, resources and tools to help you understand COPD.
Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever)
Coccidioidomycosis, commonly referred to as "Valley fever," is an infection that typically affects the lungs. It is caused by a fungus found in the soil in the southwestern U.S. and California, northern Mexico and parts of Central and South America.
Coronavirus (CoV) is a family of viruses that can cause respiratory infection. The illness caused by coronaviruses in humans can range from the mild common cold to more severe disease like COVID-19, which can be fatal.
COVID-19 is a lung disease caused by a novel coronavirus first detected in late 2019. COVID-19 and its symptoms can range from mild to severe. Anyone can get COVID-19, but some individuals are more at risk for severe disease than others.
Cryptogenic Organizing Pneumonia (COP)
Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP) is a rare lung condition affecting the small airways (bronchioles) and alveoli (tiny air sacs). It was previously known as idiopathic bronchiolitis obliterans with organizing pneumonia (BOOP).
Cystic Fibrosis (CF)
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease that causes thickened mucus to form in the lungs, pancreas and other organs. In the lungs, this mucus blocks the airways, creating lung damage and making it hard to breathe.
E-cigarette or Vaping Use-Associated Lung Injury (EVALI)
EVALI stands for e-cigarette or vaping use-associated lung injury. EVALI is the name used to talk about the growing number of severe lung illness cases related to using e-cigarette and vaping products, the first being identified during 2019.
Emphysema is one of the diseases that comprise the term COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease). Emphysema involves gradual damage of lung tissue, specifically thinning and destruction of the alveoli or air sacs.
Eosinophilic Granulomatosis with Polyangiitis (EGPA)
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) is a rare form of vasculitis, meaning it causes inflammation in small and medium sized blood vessels, which can result in damage to organs throughout the body.
Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome (HPS)
Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) is a rare but potentially life-threatening viral illness transmitted to humans from the infected urine, droppings or saliva of certain species of mice and rats.
Histoplasmosis is an infection caused by the fungus Histoplasma capsulatum. This fungus is found in soil, particularly around places where large amounts of bird or bat droppings accumulate.
Human Metapneumovirus (hMPV)
Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is a common respiratory virus that causes an upper respiratory infection (like a cold). It is a seasonal disease that usually occurs in the winter and early spring, similar to RSV and the flu.
Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is a disease of the lungs in which your lungs become inflamed as an allergic reaction to inhaled dust, fungus, molds or chemicals.
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common type of pulmonary fibrosis. It is a disease that causes scarring (fibrosis) of the lungs. Scarring causes stiffness in the lungs and makes it difficult to breathe.
Influenza, or flu, is a serious respiratory illness. It is easily spread from person to person and can lead to severe complications, even death. We are all at risk for getting and spreading the flu.
Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an umbrella term used for a large group of diseases that cause scarring (fibrosis) of the lungs. The scarring causes stiffness in the lungs which makes it difficult to breathe and get oxygen to the bloodstream.
Legionnaires’ disease is a severe form of bacterial pneumonia caused by exposure to contaminated water sources that requires prompt medical treatment.
A lung cancer diagnosis can be frightening and overwhelming. Find information and support to help through every step of the treatment.
LAM is a rare disease affecting mostly women of child-bearing age, usually in their 30s and 40s. It is a progressive disease that can affect your lungs, lymph nodes and kidneys.
MAC Lung Disease
MAC lung disease is an infection caused a group of bacteria called Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). MAC is one of a large group of nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM), and the most common cause of NTM lung disease in the U.S.
Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer that develops in the thin layer of tissue that covers most of your internal organs, called the mesothelium. The most common form, called pleural mesothelioma, occurs in the lining of the lungs.
Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS)
Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome, or MERS, is a viral illness that causes severe lung infection. The disease was first reported in Saudi Arabia in 2012 and as of 2018 had only been diagnosed twice in the United States.
NTM Lung Disease
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) are organisms naturally found in soil and water. In some people, the organism infects the airways and lung tissue leading to disease.
Pertussis (Whooping Cough)
Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is an extremely contagious bacterial infection. It can cause serious respiratory illness in people of all ages but is most dangerous for babies.
Pneumonia is a common lung infection that is often a complication of the flu. Most healthy people recover from pneumonia in a few weeks but it can be life-threatening.
Pneumothorax (Collapsed Lungs)
Pneumothorax, also called a collapsed lung, occurs when air leaks into the space between your lung and chest wall. This pressure from the air building up and pushing on the outside of the lung causes it to give way.
Primary Ciliary Dyskinesia (PCD)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a rare genetic condition that can lead to chronic lung, ear and sinus infections, along with other disorders in children and adults.
Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is one form of a broader condition known as pulmonary hypertension, which is high blood pressure in the lungs. This increased pressure in the vessels is caused by obstruction in the small arteries in the lung.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is when one of the arteries in the lungs gets blocked by a blood clot. In most cases, the clot travels from the leg or another part of the body (called deep vein thrombosis) and blocks the flow of blood to the lung.
Pulmonary Fibrosis (PF)
Pulmonary fibrosis is a disease marked by scarring in the lungs. The information here can be helpful to anyone facing one of the many types of pulmonary fibrosis, including the most commonly diagnosed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).
Pulmonary hypertension occurs when there is an abnormally high pressure in the blood vessels between the lungs and the heart.
Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common respiratory virus that can infect people of all ages. Most people usually develop only mild symptoms similar to that of a common cold. But for some, it can be severe and even life-threatening.
Sarcoidosis is an inflammatory disease that can affect many organs of the body, most commonly the lungs. The inflammation causes the formation of nodules, called granulomas, in the affected organs.
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is an infectious condition that can cause serious respiratory illness and death. SARS became a concern in 2003 when an outbreak that began in China spread worldwide causing a global epidemic.
Silicosis is a type of pulmonary fibrosis, a lung disease caused by breathing in tiny bits of silica, a common mineral found in sand, quartz and many other types of rock. Over time, exposure to silica particles causes scarring in the lungs.
Sleep apnea is a common disorder that interrupts sleep due to upper airways that repeatedly collapse when throat muscles relax during sleep, blocking the flow of air.
Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease that usually attacks the lungs but can affect almost any part of the body. Though tuberculosis is spread from person to person through the air, it is not easy to become infected.