Air Quality in Philadelphia Metro Area Again Worsened for Ozone Smog, Finds 2019 ‘State of the Air’ Report, Had Best Ever Results for Year-Round Particle Pollution
American Lung Association’s 20th annual air quality report finds more than 4 in 10 Americans live with unhealthy air quality, Philadelphia area’s air quality continues to rank among nation’s 25 worst cities for ozone and year-round particle pollution
(April 24, 2019) - PHILADELPHIA, PA
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The American Lung Association’s 2019 “State of the Air” report found that air quality in the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD metro area worsened for a second year for ozone smog. While improving to its best ever performance for its seventh consecutive year for year-round particle pollution, the metro area continued to rank among the worst in the country for this pollutant.
The 20th annual air quality “report card” tracks Americans’ exposure to unhealthful levels of ozone and particle pollution, both of which can be deadly. The report also found that the Philadelphia area posted its fewest ever number of days high in particle pollution.
“Residents of Philadelphia and the metro area should be aware that we’re breathing unhealthy air, driven by local emissions, upwind sources, and extreme heat as a result of climate change,placing our health and lives at risk,” said Kevin Stewart, the American Lung Association’s Director of Environmental Health for Advocacy and Public Policy. “In addition to challenges here in Philadelphia and the 4-state, 16-county metro area, the 20th-anniversary ‘State of the Air’ report highlights that more than 4 in 10 Americans are living with unhealthy air, and we’re heading in the wrong direction when it comes to protecting public health.”
This year’s report covers the most recent quality-assured data available collected by states, cities, counties, tribes and federal agencies in 2015-2017. Notably, those three years were the hottest recorded in global history.
Each year the “State of the Air” provides a report card on the two most widespread outdoor air pollutants, ozone pollution, also known as smog, and particle pollution, often called soot. The report analyzes particle pollution in two ways: through average annual particle pollution levels and short-term spikes in particle pollution. Both ozone and particle pollution are dangerous to public health and can increase the risk of premature death and other serious health effects such as lung cancer, asthma attacks, cardiovascular damage, and developmental and reproductive harm.
Ozone Pollution in the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD metro area
Compared to the 2018 report, the Philadelphia metro area experienced more unhealthy days of high ozone in this year’s report, earning the area an F grade and worsening its ranking from 24th to 21st worst in the country.
“Ozone especially harms children, older adults and those with asthma and other lung diseases,” said Stewart. “When older adults or children with asthma breathe ozone-polluted air, too often they end up in the doctor’s office, the hospital or the emergency room. Ozone can even shorten life itself.”
This report documents how warmer temperatures brought by climate change make ozone more likely to form and harder to clean up. This year’s report showed that ozone levels increased in most cities nationwide, in large part due to the record-breaking global heat experienced in the three years tracked in the report.
Particle Pollution in the Philadelphia-Reading-Camden, PA-NJ-DE-MD metro area
However, the 2019 report found that both year-round and daily particle pollution levels were significantly lower than the 2018 report. Nationwide, the best progress in this year’s report came in reducing year-round levels of particle pollution. Though the metro area continued to meet the national air quality standard for the year-round measure, it still ranked among the nation’s worst, but improved its rank from 12th to 18th worst.
“Particle pollution is made of soot or tiny particles that come from coal-fired power plants, industrial sources, diesel emissions, wildfires and wood-burning devices. These particles are so small that they can lodge deep in the lungs and trigger asthma attacks, heart attacks and strokes, and can even be lethal,” said Stewart. “Year-round particle pollution levels have dropped thanks to the cleanup of coal-fired power plants and the retirement of old, dirty diesel engines.”
“State of the Air” 2019 also tracked short-term spikes in particle pollution, as these can be extremely dangerous and even lethal. This year’s report also found that the metro area had fewer days when short-term particle pollution reached unhealthy levels. New Castle County, Delaware, took over from Berks County, Pennsylvania, as the worst polluted county in the metro area for this measure, posting a “C” grade, and earning the area a ranking tied for 43rd worst in the U.S., a significant improvement from 31st place last year.
While improvements have continued locally, many of these spikes in the western United States were directly linked to weather patterns leading to drought or to wildfire events, which are increasing in frequency and intensity in many areas of the country due to climate change.
While the report examined data from 2015-2017, this 20th annual report online provides information on air pollution trends back to the first report. Learn more about Delaware Valley air pollution grades, as well as air quality across area states and the nation, in the 2019 “State of the Air” report at Lung.org/sota. For media interested in speaking with an expert about lung health, healthy air, and threats to air quality, contact Annette Eyer at [email protected] or 717.971.1124.
About the American Lung Association
The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives by improving lung health and preventing lung disease, through research, education and advocacy. The work of the American Lung Association is focused on four strategic imperatives: to defeat lung cancer; to improve the air we breathe; to reduce the burden of lung disease on individuals and their families; and to eliminate tobacco use and tobacco-related diseases. For more information about the American Lung Association, a holder of the coveted 4-star rating from Charity Navigator and a Gold-Level GuideStar Member, or to support the work it does, call 1-800-LUNGUSA (1-800-586-4872) or visit: Lung.org.
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