American Lung Association “State of the Air 2020” Report Finds Poorer Air Quality Grades in ArizonaAmerican Lung Association’s annual air quality report finds ozone pollution and particulate matter worsened across the state; Nearly half of Americans breathing unhealthy air.
PHOENIX, AZ | April 21, 2020
The American Lung Association’s 2020 “State of the Air” report found Phoenix ranked among the nation’s worst cities for widespread air pollutants—ozone and particulates—both of which can be deadly. Both Phoenix and Tucson are heavily impacted by unhealthy ozone and particle pollution and, in fact, the Phoenix metro area ranks in the top 10 in these categories with the Tucson metro area also worsening in all categories.
The Lung Association’s annual air quality “report card” tracks Americans’ exposure to unhealthful levels of particle pollution and ozone during a three-year period. Once again, the report found that nearly half of all Americans were exposed to unhealthy air in 2016-2018. Pollution places the health of residents at risk, including those who are more vulnerable to the effects of air pollution such as older adults, children and those with a lung disease.
“This year marks the 50th anniversary of the Clean Air Act, which has been responsible for dramatic improvements in air quality. Overall, people in Arizona face significant air quality challenges. Extreme heat and droughts come more frequently as our climate changes, and our air pollution burdens are placing our health and lives at risk,” said American Lung Association Senior Advocacy Director, JoAnna Strother. With nearly half of Americans – and almost all Arizonans - breathing unhealthy air, our ‘State of the Air’ report shows that because of climate change, the nation is heading in the wrong direction when it comes to protecting public health - especially in the western United States.”
Each year the “State of the Air” provides a report card on the two most widespread outdoor air pollutants, ozone pollution, also known as smog, and particle pollution, also called soot. The report analyzes particle pollution in two ways: through average annual particle pollution levels and short-term spikes in particle pollution. Both ozone and particle pollution are dangerous to public health and can increase the risk of premature death and other serious health effects such as asthma attacks, cardiovascular damage, and developmental and reproductive harm. Particle pollution can also cause lung cancer, and new research links air pollution to the development of serious diseases, such as asthma and dementia.
This year’s report covers 2016, 2017 and 2018, the years with the most recent quality-assured data available collected by states, cities, counties, tribes and federal agencies. Notably, those three years were among the five hottest recorded in global history. Rising temperatures lead to increased levels of ozone pollution. Changing climate patterns also fuel wildfires and their dangerous smoke, which increase particle pollution. Ozone and particle pollution threaten everyone, especially children, older adults and people living with a lung disease. Although this report does not cover data from 2020, amid the COVID-19 pandemic, the impact of air pollution on lung health is of heightened concern. Learn more about that at Lung.org/covid-19.
Ozone Pollution in Arizona
Compared to the 2019 report, the Phoenix metro which includes counties, Maricopa, Pinal, Gila, saw worse unhealthy days of ozone levels and all earned F grades. In fact, only Flagstaff and Yuma metros saw slight improvements for ozone.
“Ozone pollution can harm even healthy people, but is particularly dangerous for children, older adults and people with lung diseases like COPD or asthma,” said Strother. “Breathing ozone-polluted air can trigger asthma attacks in both adults and children with the disease, which can land them in the doctor’s office or the emergency room. Ozone can even shorten people’s lives.”
This report documents that warmer temperatures brought by climate change are making ozone more likely to form and harder to clean up. Significantly more people suffered unhealthy ozone pollution in the 2020 report than in the last three “State of the Air” reports.
Particle Pollution in Arizona
“State of the Air” 2020 found that year-round particle pollution levels in the Phoenix metro area significantly worsened, while Tucson metro and Yuma slightly increased. There is no particle pollution data available for Flagstaff.
“Particle pollution can lodge deep in the lungs and can even enter the bloodstream. It can trigger asthma attacks, heart attacks and strokes and cause lung cancer,” said Strother. Particle pollution comes from coal-fired power plants, diesel emissions, wildfires and wood-burning devices.
“Year-round particle pollution levels had dropped in recent years thanks to the cleanup of coal-fired power plants and the retirement of old, dirty diesel engines. However, the increase we’ve seen nationally in particle pollution in this year’s report is a troubling reminder that we must increase our efforts to reduce this dangerous pollution,” said Strother.
“We all have the right to breathe clean, healthy air. The 50th anniversary of the Clean Air Act serves as a critical reminder that Americans breathe healthier air today because of this landmark law,” Strother continues. “At the same time, this year’s report shows that we must stand up for clean air – especially to safeguard our most vulnerable community members. Our leaders, both here in Arizona and at the federal level, must take immediate, significant action to ward off climate change and other threats to the quality of the air we all breathe.”
While the report examined data from 2016-2018, this 21st annual report also provides air pollution trends back to the first report. Learn more about Arizona’s rankings, as well as air quality across the nation, in the 2020 “State of the Air” report at www.StateOfTheAir.org
The American Lung Association is the leading organization working to save lives by improving lung health and preventing lung disease through education, advocacy and research. The work of the American Lung Association is focused on four strategic imperatives: to defeat lung cancer; to champion clean air for all; to improve the quality of life for those with lung disease and their families; and to create a tobacco-free future. For more information about the American Lung Association, which has a 4-star rating from Charity Navigator and is a Platinum-Level GuideStar Member, call 1-800-LUNGUSA (1-800-586-4872) or visit: Lung.org. To support the work of the American Lung Association, find a local event at Lung.org/events.