Strategy 3: Provide a Healthy School Environment | American Lung Association

Strategy 3: Provide a Healthy School Environment

Students, teachers, and staff spend the majority of their day throughout the year on the school campus. When the school environment is unhealthy, through either indoor or outdoor pollutants, it can have a negative effect on those with asthma and even cause health-related illnesses in those without asthma. Schools must be prepared to provide a healthy learning environment to ensure the success and overall wellbeing of all students and school staff.

Environmental irritants and allergens can cause asthma symptoms, often referred to as asthma triggers. It is necessary for students, teachers and staff to be informed about asthma triggers. Read more about healthy air and how to protect healthy air at school.

Proactively maintain healthy Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)

To ensure healthy indoor air at school, there are a number of policy, program, and maintenance activities that can help to protect students with asthma as well as the entire student body.

The following 8 steps can be taken to support healthy indoor air at school:

  1. Raise awareness among school personnel, students, parents, and communities about federal regulations that protect those with asthma.
  2. Establish district-wide IAQ policies.
  3. Establish emergency management plans for IAQ issues and external hazards.
  4. Establish policies and procedures for field trips.
  5. Treat school buses as indoor environments.
  6. Purchase asthma-friendly products.
    • Healthy Schools Campaign’s Quick & Easy Guide to Green Cleaning 
      It is important to note that green does not necessarily mean healthy. When purchasing a cleaning product, be sure to review the chemicals list for items that can cause asthma symptoms (asthmagens), instructions for use, and fragrances, which can all be possible triggers for those with asthma.
  7. Complete a school self-assessment.
  8. Adopt and use an IAQ management program.

Read more about the steps needed to maintain healthy indoor air quality in school.

Assure comprehensive tobacco-free buildings and grounds

Secondhand smoke is unhealthy for all people and can trigger symptoms for those with asthma. In order to protect the student community through a comprehensive tobacco-free campus, it is important to (1) enact tobacco-free laws and regulations, (2) adopt school board policies mandating tobacco-free schools, (3) education school personnel, students, parents and the community about tobacco policies, and (4) develop systems to enforce those policies.

Read more about tobacco-free buildings and grounds.

Use integrated pest management (IPM) techniques to control pests

Pesticide exposure can have both short-term and long-term health effects on all people. The use of IPM is a recommended and environmentally safe approach to pest management that is part of an overall IAQ management plan. Learn more about IPM in schools. Be sure to check with your state to determine if IPM is mandated in local schools.

The Environmental Protection Agency IAQ Tools for Schools Action Kit includes an IPM Checklist for school grounds and maintenance staff.

Read more about IPM and pest control for the school campus.

Manage student exposure on high outdoor air pollution

There are a number of resources available to track localized outdoor air pollution, including the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Air Quality Index and the American Lung Association State of the Air app for iPhone and Android devices. When ozone or particle pollution reaches orange or red levels, those with asthma or other health-related issues should avoid prolonged or heavy exertion outdoors. To raise awareness of outdoor air quality to the school community, learn more about the EPA’s School Flag Program.

Read more about managing student exposure on days with high outdoor air pollution.


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