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Adult Cigarette Smoking Rate Trend by Sex, Race, and Age

Adult Cigarette Smoking Rate Trend by Sex, Race, and Age

  1965 1970 1974 1980 1985 1990 1995 1997† 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 % Change
1965-2017‡
Total 42.4 37.4 37.1 33.2 30.1 25.5 24.7 24.7 24.1 23.5 23.3 22.8 22.5 21.6 20.9 20.9 20.6 19.8 20.6 20.6 19.3 19.0 18.1 17.8 16.8 15.1 15.5 14.0 -67.0
Sex                                                          
Male 51.9 44.1 43.1 37.6 32.6 28.4 27.0 27.6 26.4 25.7 25.7 25.2 25.2 24.1 23.4 23.9 23.6 22.3 23.1 23.5 21.5 21.6 20.5 20.5 18.8 16.7 17.5 15.8 -69.6
Female 33.9 31.5 32.1 29.3 27.9 22.8 22.6 22.1 22.0 21.5 21.0 20.7 20.0 19.2 18.5 18.1 17.8 17.4 18.3 17.9 17.3 16.5 15.8 15.3 14.8 13.6 13.5 12.2 -64.0
Race                                                          
Non-Hispanic                                                          
White 42.1 37.0 36.4 32.9 29.6 25.6 25.6 25.3 25.0 24.3 24.1 24.0 23.6 22.7 22.2 21.9 21.8 21.5 22.0 22.2 21.1 20.7 19.8 19.5 18.3 16.6 16.7 15.3 -63.7
Black 45.8 41.4 44.0 36.9 34.9 26.2 25.8 26.7 24.7 24.3 23.2 22.3 22.4 21.5 20.2 21.5 22.6 19.8 21.3 21.3 20.5 19.6 18.2 18.5 17.8 16.8 16.9 15.1 -67.0
American Indian/ Alaska Native N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 34.1 40.0 40.8 36.0 32.7 40.8 39.7 33.4 32.0 32.2 36.4 32.4 23.2 31.4 31.5 21.8 26.1 29.2 21.9 34.1 24.6 -27.9
Asian N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 16.9 13.7 15.1 14.4 12.4 13.3 11.7 11.3 13.3 10.3 9.6 9.9 12.0 9.2 9.9 10.7 9.6 9.5 7.0 9.4 7.0 -58.6
Hispanic N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 20.4 19.1 18.1 18.6 16.7 16.7 16.4 15.0 16.2 15.1 13.3 15.8 14.5 12.5 12.9 12.5 12.1 11.2 10.1 10.7 9.9 -51.5
Age                                                          
18-24 45.5 38.0 37.8 33.3 29.3 24.5 24.8 28.7 27.9 27.9 26.8 26.9 28.5 23.9 23.6 24.4 23.7 22.2 21.4 21.8 20.1 18.9 17.3 18.7 16.7 13.0 13.1 10.4 -77.1
25-44 51.2 44.6 44.5 37.8 34.8 29.7 28.6 28.6 27.5 27.3 27.0 25.8 25.7 25.6 23.8 24.1 23.2 22.8 23.7 24.0 22.0 22.1 21.6 20.1 20.0 17.7 17.6 16.1 -68.6
45-64 41.6 38.6 37.7 35.6 31.6 27.0 25.5 24.4 25.0 23.3 24.0 23.8 22.7 22.0 22.4 21.9 21.5 21.0 22.5 21.9 21.1 21.4 19.5 19.9 18.0 17.0 18.0 16.5 -60.3
≥65 17.9 16.1 17.3 17.2 16.0 12.8 13.0 12.0 10.9 10.6 9.7 10.1 9.3 9.1 8.8 8.6 10.0 8.3 9.3 9.5 9.5 7.9 8.9 8.8 8.5 8.4 8.8 8.2 -54.2
  1965 1970 1974 1980 1985 1990 1995 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 % Change
1965-2017

Source:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey 1965-2017. Analysis for years 1997-2017 by the American Lung Association Research Team using SPSS software.

  • N/A - Not Available
  • * Persons 18 years or older.
  • † Due to the redesign of the NHIS survey in 1997, comparisons with data from prior years must be conducted with caution.
  • ‡ Percent changes for Hispanics, American Indians/Alaska Natives and Asians are from 1997-2017.

    Page Last Updated: January 14, 2019

    • Sources
      1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Center for Health Statistics. National Health Interview Survey, 1965-2017. Analysis performed by the American Lung Association Epidemiology and Statistics Unit using SPSS software.
      2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. National Youth Tobacco Survey, 2011-2017. Analysis by the American Lung Association Epidemiology and Statistics Unit using SPSS software. 2002-2009 from MMWRs.
      3. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2017. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. June 15, 2018; 67(SS-08).
      4. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Office of Applied Studies. National Survey on Drug Use and Health, 2002-2017.
      5. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Health Consequences of Smoking—50 Years of Progress: A Report of the Surgeon General. 2014.
      6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance Survey, 2017. Analysis by the American Lung Association Epidemiology and Statistics Unit using SPSS software.
      7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System, 2017.
      8. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation (STATE) System. Youth Tobacco Survey, 2017.
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