Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

What are the symptoms of lymphangiomatosis?

Symptoms of lymphangiomatosis vary. Symptoms depend on which part of the body is affected by the disease and how severe the disorder is affecting someone.  If lymphangiomatosis is affecting your lungs and/or chest, you may not have any symptoms at first.

Symptoms that appear due to a growth of a cyst or tumor in the lungs or chest, or the build-up of fluid in the chest may include:

  • Dry cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Chest pressure
  • Chest pain
  • Coughing up blood

How is lymphangiomatosis diagnosed?

Several specialists may work together to diagnose lymphangiomatosis because the disease may be affecting several parts of the body and causing a range of symptoms, depending on where it is appearing in the body.

Doctors work on connecting clues about symptoms that may be caused by how the disease is affecting different parts of the body.

Diagnosis may include:

  • X-rays and other scans that show the shape and workings of tissues and organs, including MRI and CAT scans
  • Biopsy (surgery to remove tissue samples that are studied)

How is lymphangiomatosis treated?

Treatment depends on the part(s) of the body affected. Your doctor may focus on treating specific symptoms to ease your pain or discomfort from those symptoms.

Some treatments that are used to control symptoms that patients might have when lymphangiomatosis affects the lungs or chest are:

  • Draining fluid from the lungs
  • Surgically tying off the main lymphatic duct in the chest cavity
  • Removing the lining of the chest cavity
  • Medications (chemotherapy)—may include antibiotics, drugs to ease inflammation of tissues, tumor-shrinking drugs, antiviral drugs and others
  • Radiation
  • Low fat, high protein diet
  • Lung transplantation