Planning for the Future

A diagnosis of lung cancer can make patients and their caregivers think about topics they have not explored before. It is inevitable to think about death and what will happen in the future. No one can predict exactly what will happen. It is helpful to make plans for whenever that day comes.

It is important to ask your health care team what to expect in the future. Know that predicting how long someone will live is difficult. The doctor has to take into account the type of cancer, treatment, past illnesses and other factors. They may be able to provide you with an estimate, but keep in mind that it is a guess. Every person is different. Uncertainty about the future is stressful for patients and caregivers. Often, making arrangements for the future and end-of- life care gives patients and their loved ones a sense of control in the situation. It is okay to keep asking questions throughout the treatment process.

Most patients have a specific idea of what they want their end-of-life care to be like. It is important to recognize that your loved one’s wishes may not be in line with your own. Your loved one should make all of the decisions. However, there may come a time when you as the caregiver need to make decisions because he or she cannot anymore. It’s important to get a sense of how your loved one feels about certain issues before you are forced to make a choice. End of life could be a long time away or sooner than you think. The earlier you discuss their preferences, the less stressful it will be when it comes time to make decisions.

Getting Paperwork in Order

  • Getting their financial records in order and all in one place (includes account numbers, investments, credit cards, loads, deeds and more).
  • Creating a will
  • Creating an advance directiveA legal document that tells the doctor and family what a person wants for future medical care should the person later become unable to make decisions for him or herself. (also called a living will). An advance directive outlines their end-of-life medical care choices. See a sample advance directive.
  • Selecting a power of attorneyA written document often used when someone wants another adult to make decisions on their behalf.. A power of attorney is someone they know and trust to make healthcare and financial decisions for them if they are unable to do so themselves. They can be two different people or the same person.

End-of-Life Care

End-of-life care wishes will be spelled out in an advance directive. Below are some examples of topics your loved one will be asked to make decisions about. Use this life planning worksheet to guide your conversations.

  1. Where do they want to receive end-of-life care?
    The most common choices are the hospital, a hospice facility or a home.
    • Hospice - refers to a system of care for dying people and their families. Most hospice care is given at home but some hospice facilities do exist. Hospice care is recommended when life expectancy is six months or less. To learn more about hospice care, call the National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization at 1-800-658-8898. Visit the Web site at to find a hospice program in your community.
  2. Do they want to receive comfort care?
    • Palliative care - is aimed at making the patient more comfortable. It improves quality of life from the beginning of diagnosis. Hospice care always includes palliative care but palliative care can be administered at any stage of a disease.
  3. When do they want to stop receiving treatment?
  4. Do they want to receive resuscitation if it comes to that point?

Funeral and Memorial Services

Though this may not be a pleasant topic to discuss or even think about, it is an event that may mean a lot to you and other family members and friends when your loved one is gone. Some people have strong feelings about end-of-life topics. People have opinions about the location of these events, participants, music, readings and cultural and religious customs. Other topics to consider include whether or not to have a service, what type of service to have and what they want done to their body. It is important to have this discussion so your loved one’s wishes are respected.

There are many other topics that will be addressed in advance directive. The doctor can help you get an advance directive form and the health care team can help you navigate the decision making.

Bring It Up with the Doctor

The doctor may not bring up end-of-life issues. It is a difficult topic for people, even doctors, to discuss. The doctor does not want to offend you or diminish you or your loved one’s sense of hope. Though it might be scary at first, it is important to bring up the topic and open the lines of communication early in the process.

Support During This Time

Discussing end-of-life care is scary, stressful and can be depressing. Reach out to your support system to cope with your emotions during this time. Here are some tips:

  • Journal about your emotions
  • Spend time with family and friends
  • Seek support from your faith-based organization
  • Find in-person or online support groups
  • Speak to a social worker, psychologist or counselor
  • Ask for recommendations from the cancer care team

Early detection of lung cancer can increase survival rates. Call the Lung Helpline at 1-800-LUNGUSA or talk to your doctor about lung cancer screening.