Back to School with Asthma Toolkit

Back to School with AsthmaAsthma is a leading chronic condition that causes students to miss school, which can have a direct effect on their academic success. Addressing asthma management in school can help to establish an environment that supports both learning and safety.

Top Ten Ways to Support an Asthma-Friendly School

  1. Know which students are at risk for an asthma emergency.
    At the beginning of the school year, make sure your school’s Health Inquiry Form includes asthma-related questions. Tracking students with asthma can ensure that proper health services are provided to those students with the greatest need. Electronic medical records, or downloadable programs like AIR (Asthma Incidence Reporter) Database, can help school nurses identify patterns in a student’s health record, track absences, and emergency room visits. Find more resources for tracking students with asthma in this section of the AFSI Toolkit.
  2. Have an Asthma Action Plan on file for each student diagnosed with asthma.
    Back to School with AsthmaAn asthma action plan (Español) is a document that is created between a doctor and a patient with directions as to what to do, based on asthma symptoms or peak flow readings. A copy of a student’s asthma action plan should be filed in the school nurse’s office. It’s recommended that teachers and school staff have copies of an asthma action plan for those students they see on a regular basis. Learn more about asthma action plans and policies here.
  3. Provide access to quick relief medicines.
    All 50 states now have laws in place that allow students to self-carry their medications; however, this is not always communicated to students or caregivers. Many schools establish a process to ensure that the student is capable of managing their quick-relief asthma medicines, like albuterol, to reduce liability on the school. Make sure your school provides a clear process and shares that information with students who have asthma and their families. A sample Authorization of Inhaled Asthma Medications (Español) as well as additional information on school policies can be found in the Guide to Asthma Policy for Housing and Schools.
  4. Ensure good indoor air quality (IAQ).
    Back to School with AsthmaPoor indoor air can affect the health of both students and staff. Many indoor air pollutants can also bring on, or trigger, a person’s asthma symptoms. Help keep your students safe by reducing or eliminating IAQ problems in the classroom by watching out for asthma triggers like mold, pet dander, air fresheners and cleaning chemicals. Learn about the importance of a school’s IAQ in this section of the AFSI Toolkit.
  5. Establish and communicate your school’s emergency protocol. A set of protocols to use in case of an asthma emergency can save lives and increase the confidence of teachers and staff that are working with children who have asthma. Learn more about asthma emergency protocols in the Asthma-Friendly Schools Initiative approach. For school nurses, the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP) created a suggested emergency protocol for student without an asthma action plan on file.

  6. Adopt a comprehensive tobacco-free campus policy.
    Tobacco smoke is dangerous to all people, especially those with asthma. To keep the school community safe, adopt a tobacco-free policy for both the indoor and outdoor environments of your schools. Offering quit smoking services, like Freedom From Smoking® Online, can help support your tobacco-free school policy. Learn more about tobacco-free schools, including sample policies here.

  7. Have a full-time registered nurse in the school.
    Back to School with AsthmaSchool nurses are uniquely qualified individuals that provide health services and health counseling to student in the school. With limited budgets, many districts have opted to hire fewer nurses and rely more heavily on paraprofessionals. Both the American Academy of Pediatrics and the National Association of School Nurses recommends school nurses for day-to-day health services. Policy resources and information are available to support your efforts.

  8. Educate, educate, educate.
    Offering education to teachers, school staff, parents and children about asthma will only make the classroom that much safer. Programs like the American Lung Association Asthma Basics online course are available to help make sure the adults in your schools understand asthma and are ready to prevent an asthma emergency. Students with asthma can benefit the Open Airways For Schools® program, where children ages 8-11 can learn about their condition in an interactive and supportive group environment. In addition, online learning can be fun with Lungtropolis®, a web-based game for children 5-10 that also provides information and resources for parents and caregivers.

  9. Reduce student exposure on high pollution days.
    Download the FREE State of the Air® App. Protect your health and download the American Lung Association's free State of the Air® app.Outdoor air pollution can make breathing difficult, even for people without asthma. Download the State of the Air® app on your iPhone or Android devices to check the local air quality on a daily basis and modify activities accordingly. Learn more about managing student exposure to outdoor air on high pollution days. Beware of other potential outdoor air quality asthma triggers, like the exhaust fumes from idling cars and buses waiting to pick up students in front of the school.
  10. Encourage physical activity when a child with asthma is able.
    Staying active can benefit all students but may be daunting for students with asthma or their caregivers. Providing asthma education to PE instructors or coaches, managing physical activity, and offering modifications to activity when needed can keep students with asthma in the game. Learn strategies to manage physical education throughout the school year using the Asthma-Friendly Schools Initiative Toolkit.

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